Export Controlled Items

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The U.S. government controls the export of a wide variety of physical items (equipment, materials, systems) across several lists.  Additionally, any technical data / technology which provides information about the development, production, or Use of a controlled physical item is also controlled, as is certain software associated with these items. 

Items developed or modified for military or space applications are controlled under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and will likely need a license to be exported. Controlled goods, technical data, and software subject to the ITAR are considered Defense Articles and are listed on the U.S. Munitions List (USML). When determining whether or not a particular item is export controlled, the USML must be searched first. 

A broader set of commercial or "dual use" goods, technology, and software are controlled under the Commerce Control List (CCL) which is part of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The Commerce Control List Index can be a helpful guide to indicate what types of goods and technology are controlled generally; however, this index is not comprehensive and does not serve as a substitute for searching the full CCL. 

Examples of Export Controlled Items

Export Controlled Items, Technology and Software

This list provides example items, including but not limited to the following, that likely carry export control restrictions. Note: this list is not intended to be all-inclusive.

  • Arms and ammunition
  • Biological agents
  • Body armor and protective gear
  • Cameras
  • Ceramic based materials & fibers
  • Chemical warfare precursors
  • Countermeasure technology for controlled goods
  • Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) equipment
  • Composite materials and structures
  • Computers (rad hard, high temp, high performance, digital, systolic, neural & optical)
  • Cryptographic enabling systems, equipment, integrated circuits, software or technology
  • DACs (Digital-to-analog converters)
  • Digital array / digital signal processors
  • Electromagnets, superconductive
  • Electro-optical materials & integrated circuits
  • Endangered species
  • Epitaxial growth equipment
  • Explosives detection equipment
  • Fiber optic cables and filaments
  • Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA)
  • Field programmable logic arrays (FPLA)
  • Fingerprint and identification retrieval
  • Focal plane arrays
  • Frequency analyzers / signal analyzers
  • Gallium organo-metallic compounds; Gallium nitride (GaN) “substrates”
  • Gas centrifuges
  • Gas monitoring/filtration devices
  • GPS technology
  • Gravimeters
  • Gyroscopes
  • High strength materials
  • Infrared sensors & cameras
  • Integrated circuit computer-aided-design (CAD) software
  • Lasers and sensors
  • Laser acoustic detection equipment
  • Laser diodes
  • Lithography equipment and software
  • Marine vessels
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Metals or carbon coated fibers
  • Microwave circuits & frequency extenders
  • Military communications systems/high frequency radio apparatus
  • Military electronics/ruggedized components
  • Missile technology
  • Multichip integrated circuits
  • Navigation systems, equipment & components
  • Neural network integrated circuits & computers
  • Night vision or infrared cameras and equipment
  • Nuclear materials and technology
  • Optical components & equipment
  • Optical lens or photonics instruments or components
  • Oscilloscopes
  • Quantum cryptography
  • Radar equipment
  • Reinforced composite materials
  • Remotely operated vehicles
  • Resin impregnated fibers
  • Satellite parts & components
  • Select agents (and other pathogens)
  • Semiconductors and microprocessors
  • Sensors
  • Silicon carbide (SiC) substrate blanks
  • Solid-state imaging devices
  • Solid-state power semiconductor switches, diodes, or modules
  • Sonar
  • Sonobuoys and submersible vessels
  • Source code for restricted items or encryption
  • Spectrometers
  • Superconductive materials, devices or circuits
  • Telecommunications and encryption software
  • Test equipment for semiconductor devices
  • Thermal imaging cameras
  • Toxicological agents
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
  • Waveform digitizers

Export Controlled Chemicals

U.S. Munitions List (USML) Category XIV: Toxicological Agents, Including Chemical Agents, Biological Agents, and Associated Equipment

A license is required to export the following chemicals listed in the U.S. Department of State International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) Title 22, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter I, Part 121.

Chemical agents, as follows:

  1. Nerve agents, as follows:
    1. O-Alkyl (equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphonofluoridates, such as: Sarin (GB): O-Isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate (CAS 107-44-8) (CWC Schedule 1A); and Soman (GD): O-Pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (CAS 96-64-0) (CWC Schedule 1A);
    2. O-Alkyl (equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) N,N-dialkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphoramidocyanidates, such as: Tabun (GA): O-Ethyl N, N-dimethylphosphoramidocyanidate (CAS 77-81-6) (CWC Schedule 1A); or
    3. O-Alkyl (H or equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) S-2-dialkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl) aminoethyl alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphonothiolates and corresponding alkylated and protonated salts, such as VX: O-Ethyl S-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methyl phosphonothiolate (CAS 50782-69-9) (CWC Schedule 1A);
  2. Amiton: O,O-Diethyl S-[2(diethylamino)ethyl] phosphorothiolate and corresponding alkylated or protonated salts (CAS 78-53-5) (CWC Schedule 2A);
  3. Vesicant agents, as follows:
    1. Sulfur mustards, such as: 2-Chloroethylchloromethylsulfide (CAS 2625-76-5) (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (HD) (CAS 505-60-2) (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis(2-chloroethylthio)methane (CAS 63839-13-6) (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,2-bis (2-chloroethylthio)ethane (CAS 3563-36-8) (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,3-bis (2-chloroethylthio)-n-propane (CAS 63905-10-2) (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,4-bis (2-chloroethylthio)-n-butane (CWC Schedule 1A); 1,5-bis (2-chloroethylthio)-n-pentane (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis (2-chloroethylthiomethyl)ether (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis (2-chloroethylthioethyl)ether (CAS 63918-89-8) (CWC Schedule 1A);
    2. Lewisites, such as: 2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (CAS 541-25-3) (CWC Schedule 1A); Tris (2-chlorovinyl) arsine (CAS 40334-70-1) (CWC Schedule 1A); Bis (2-chlorovinyl) chloroarsine (CAS 40334-69-8) (CWC Schedule 1A);
    3. Nitrogen mustards, or their protonated salts, as follows:
      1. HN1: Bis (2-chloroethyl) ethylamine (CAS 538-07-8) (CWC Schedule 1A);
      2. HN2: Bis (2-chloroethyl) methylamine (CAS 51-75-2) (CWC Schedule 1A);
      3. HN3: Tris (2-chloroethyl) amine (CAS 555-77-1) (CWC Schedule 1A); or
      4. Other nitrogen mustards, or their salts, having a propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, or tertiary butyl group on the bis(2-chloroethyl) amine base;
    4. Ethyldichloroarsine (ED) (CAS 598-14-1); or
    5. Methyldichloroarsine (MD) (CAS 593-89-5);
  4. Incapacitating agents, such as:
    1. 3-Quinuclindinyl benzilate (BZ) (CAS 6581-06-2) (CWC Schedule 2A);
    2. Diphenylchloroarsine (DA) (CAS 712-48-1); or
    3. Diphenylcyanoarsine (DC) (CAS 23525-22-6);
  5. Chemical warfare agents not enumerated above adapted for use in war to produce casualties in humans or animals, degrade equipment, or damage crops or the environment. (See the CCL at ECCNs 1C350, 1C355, and 1C395 for control of certain chemicals not adapted for use in war.)

Biological agents and biologically derived substances and genetic elements thereof as follows:

  1. Genetically modified biological agents:
    1. Having non-naturally occurring genetic modifications that are known to or are reasonably expected to result in an increase in any of the following:
      1. Persistence in a field environment (i.e., resistance to oxygen, UV damage, temperature extremes, arid conditions, or decontamination processes); or
      2. The ability to defeat or overcome standard detection methods, personnel protection, natural or acquired host immunity, host immune response, or response to standard medical countermeasures; and
    2. Being any micro-organisms/toxins or their non-naturally occurring genetic elements as listed below:
      1. Bacillus anthracis;
      2. Botulinum neurotoxin producing species of Clostridium;
      3. Burkholderia mallei;
      4. Burkholderia pseudomallei;
      5. Ebola virus;
      6. Foot-and-mouth disease virus;
      7. Francisella tularensis;
      8. Marburg virus;
      9. Variola major virus (Smallpox virus);
      10. Variola minor virus (Alastrim);
      11. Yersinia pestis; or
      12. Rinderpest virus.
  2. Biological agent or biologically derived substances controlled in ECCNs 1C351, 1C353, or 1C354:
    1. Physically modified, formulated, or produced as any of the following:
      1. 1-10 micron particle size;
      2. Particle-absorbed or combined with nano-particles;
      3. Having coatings/surfactants, or
      4. By microencapsulation; and
    2. Meeting the criteria of paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this category in a manner that is known to or is reasonably expected to result in an increase in any of the following:
      1. Persistence in a field environment (i.e., resistant to oxygen, UV damage, temperature extremes, arid conditions, or decontamination processes);
      2. Dispersal characteristics (e.g., reduced susceptibility to shear forces, optimized electrostatic charges); or
      3. The ability to defeat or overcome: standard detection methods, personnel protection, natural or acquired host immunity, or response to standard medical countermeasures.

Chemical agent binary precursors and key precursors, as follows:

  1. Alkyl (Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl or Isopropyl) phosphonyl difluorides, such as: DF: Methyl Phosphonyldifluoride (CAS 676-99-3) (CWC Schedule 1B); Methylphosphinyldifluoride (CAS 753-59-3) (CWC Schedule 2B);
  2. O-Alkyl (H or equal to or less than C10, including cycloalkyl) O-2-dialkyl (methyl, ethyl, n-Propyl or isopropyl) aminoethyl alkyl (methyl, ethyl, N-propyl or isopropyl) phosphonite and corresponding alkylated and protonated salts, such as QL: O-Ethyl-2-di-isopropylaminoethyl methylphosphonite (CAS 57856-11-8) (CWC Schedule 1B);
  3. Chlorosarin: O-Isopropyl methylphosphonochloridate (CAS 1445-76-7) (CWC Schedule 1B);
  4. Chlorosoman: O-Pinacolyl methylphosphonochloridate (CAS 7040-57-5) (CWC Schedule 1B); or
  5. Methylphosphonyl dichloride (CAS 676-97-1) (CWC Schedule 2B); Methylphosphinyldichloride (CAS 676-83-5) (CWC Schedule 2B).  

Defoliants, as follows:

  1. 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (CAS 93-76-5) mixed with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (CAS 94-75-7) (Agent Orange (CAS 39277-47-9)); or
  2. Butyl 2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxyacetate (LNF).

Parts, components, accessories, attachments, associated equipment, materials, and systems, as follows:

  1. Any equipment for the dissemination, dispersion, or testing of articles controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), or (e) of this category, as follows:
    1. Any equipment “specially designed” for the dissemination and dispersion of articles controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), or (e) of this category; or
    2. (Any equipment “specially designed” for testing the articles controlled in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (e), or (f)(4) of this category and developed under a Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization.
  2. Any equipment, containing reagents, algorithms, coefficients, software, libraries, spectral databases, or alarm set point levels developed under a Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization, for the detection, identification, warning, or monitoring of:
    1. Articles controlled in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this category; or
    2. Chemical agents or biological agents specified in the Department of Defense contract or other funding authorization.
  3. For individual protection or collective protection against the articles controlled in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category, as follows:
    1. M53 Chemical Biological Protective Mask or M50 Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM);
    2. Filter cartridges containing sorbents controlled in paragraph (f)(4)(iii) or (n) of this category;
    3. Carbon meeting MIL-DTL-32101 specifications (e.g., ASZM-TEDA carbon); or
    4. Ensembles, garments, suits, jackets, pants, boots, or socks for individual protection, and liners for collective protection that allow no more than 1% breakthrough of GD or no more than 2% breakthrough of any other chemical controlled in paragraph (a) of this category, when evaluated by executing the applicable standard method(s) of testing described in the current version of Test Operating Protocols (TOPs) 08-2-201 or 08-2-501 and using the defined Department of Defense-specific requirements;
  4. Chemical Agent Resistant Coatings that have been qualified to military specifications (MIL-PRF-32348, MIL-DTL-64159, MIL-C-46168, or MIL-DTL-53039); or
  5. Any part, component, accessory, attachment, equipment, or system that:
    1. Is classified;
    2. Is manufactured using classified production data; or
    3. Is being developed using classified information.

Antibodies, recombinant protective antigens, polynucleotides, biopolymers, or biocatalysts (including their expression vectors, viruses, plasmids, or cultures of specific cells modified to produce them) as follows:

  1. When exclusively funded by a Department of Defense contract for detection of the biological agents at paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this category even if naturally occurring;
  2. Joint Biological Agent Identification and Diagnostic System (JBAIDS) Freeze Dried reagents listed by JRPD-ASY-No and Description respectively as follows:
    1. JRPD-ASY-0016 Q-Fever IVD Kit;
    2. JRPD-ASY-0100 Vaccinia (Orthopox);
    3. JRPD-ASY-0106 Brucella melitensis (Brucellosis);
    4. JRPD-ASY-0108 Rickettsia prowazekii (Rickettsia);
    5. JRPD-ASY-0109 Burkholderia ssp. (Burkholderia);
    6. JRPD-ASY-0112 Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE);
    7. JRPD-ASY-0113 Western equine encephalitis (WEE);
    8. JRPD-ASY-0114 Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE);
    9. JRPD-ASY-0122 Coxiella burnetii (Coxiella);
    10. JRPD-ASY-0136 Influenza A/H5 IVD Detection Kit;
    11. JRPD-ASY-0137 Influenza A/B IVD Detection Kit; or
    12. JRPD-ASY-0138 Influenza A Subtype IVD Detection Kit;
  3. Critical Reagent Polymerase (CRP) Chain Reactions (PCR) assay kits with Catalog-ID and Catalog-ID Product respectively as follows:
    1. PCR-BRU-1FB-B-K Brucella Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;
    2. PCR-BRU-1FB-K Brucella Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix;
    3. PCR-BRU-1R-K Brucella Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    4. PCR-BURK-2FB-B-K Burkholderia Target 2 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;
    5. PCR-BURK-2FB-K Burkholderia Target 2 FastBlock Master Mix;
    6. PCR-BURK-2R-K Burkholderia Target 2 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    7. PCR-BURK-3FB-B-K Burkholderia Target 3 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;
    8. PCR-BURK-3FB-K Burkholderia Target 3 FastBlock Master Mix;
    9. PCR-BURK-3R-K Burkholderia Target 3 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    10. PCR-COX-1FB-B-K Coxiella burnetii Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;
    11. PCR-COX-1R-K Coxiella burnetii Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    12. PCR-COX-2R-K Coxiella burnetii Target 2 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    13. PCR-OP-1FB-B-K Orthopox Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;
    14. PCR-OP-1FB-K Orthopox Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix;
    15. PCR-OP-1R-K Orthopox Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    16. PCR-OP-2FB-B-K Orthopox Target 2 FastBlock Master Mix Biotinylated;
    17. PCR-OP-3R-K Orthopox Target 3 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    18. PCR-RAZOR-BT-X PCR-RAZOR-BT-X RAZOR CRP BioThreat-X Screening Pouch;
    19. PCR-RIC-1FB-K Ricin Target 1 FastBlock Master Mix;
    20. PCR-RIC-1R-K Ricin Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix;
    21. PCR-RIC-2R-K Ricin Target 2 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix; or
    22. PCR-VEE-1R-K Venezuelan equine encephalitis Target 1 LightCycler/RAPID Master Mix; or
  4. Critical Reagent Program Antibodies with Catalog ID and Product respectively as follows:
    1. AB-AG-RIC Aff. Goat anti-Ricin;
    2. AB-ALVG-MAB Anti-Alphavirus Generic Mab;
    3. AB-AR-SEB Aff. Rabbit anti-SEB;
    4. AB-BRU-M-MAB1 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 1;
    5. AB-BRU-M-MAB2 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 2;
    6. AB-BRU-M-MAB3 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 3;
    7. AB-BRU-M-MAB4 Anti-Brucella melitensis Mab 4;
    8. AB-CHOL-0139-MAB Anti-V.cholerae 0139 Mab;
    9. AB-CHOL-01-MAB Anti-V. cholerae 01 Mab;
    10. AB-COX-MAB Anti-Coxiella Mab;
    11. AB-EEE-MAB Anti-EEE Mab;
    12. AB-G-BRU-A Goat anti-Brucella abortus;
    13. AB-G-BRU-M Goat anti-Brucella melitensis;
    14. AB-G-BRU-S Goat anti-Brucella suis;
    15. AB-G-CHOL-01 Goat anti-V.cholerae 0:1;
    16. AB-G-COL-139 Goat anti-V.cholerae 0:139;
    17. AB-G-DENG Goat anti-Dengue;
    18. AB-G-RIC Goat anti-Ricin;
    19. AB-G-SAL-T Goat anti-S. typhi;
    20. AB-G-SEA Goat anti-SEA;
    21. AB-G-SEB Goat anti-SEB;
    22. AB-G-SEC Goat anti-SEC;
    23. AB-G-SED Goat anti-SED;
    24. AB-G-SEE Goat anti-SEE;
    25. AB-G-SHIG-D Goat anti-Shigella dysenteriae;
    26. AB-R-BA-PA Rabbit anti-Protective Antigen;
    27. AB-R-COX Rabbit anti-C. burnetii;
    28. AB-RIC-MAB1 Anti-Ricin Mab 1;
    29. AB-RIC-MAB2 Anti-Ricin Mab 2;
    30. AB-RIC-MAB3 Anti-Ricin Mab3;
    31. AB-R-SEB Rabbit anti-SEB;
    32. AB-R-VACC Rabbit anti-Vaccinia;
    33. AB-SEB-MAB Anti-SEB Mab;
    34. AB-SLT2-MAB Anti-Shigella-like t x2 Mab;
    35. AB-T2T-MAB1 Anti-T2 Mab 1;
    36. AB-T2T-MAB2 Anti-T2 Toxin 2;
    37. AB-VACC-MAB1 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 1;
    38. AB-VACC-MAB2 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 2;
    39. AB-VACC-MAB3 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 3;
    40. AB-VACC-MAB4 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 4;
    41. AB-VACC-MAB5 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 5;
    42. AB-VACC-MAB6 Anti-Vaccinia Mab 6;
    43. AB-VEE-MAB1 Anti-VEE Mab 1;
    44. AB-VEE-MAB2 Anti-VEE Mab 2;
    45. AB-VEE-MAB3 Anti-VEE Mab 3;
    46. AB-VEE-MAB4 Anti-VEE Mab 4;
    47. AB-VEE-MAB5 Anti-VEE Mab 5;
    48. AB-VEE-MAB6 Anti-VEE Mab 6; or
    49. AB-WEE-MAB Anti-WEE Complex Mab.

Vaccines exclusively funded by a Department of Defense contract, as follows:

  1. Recombinant Botulinum ToxinA/B Vaccine;
  2. Recombinant Plague Vaccine;
  3. Trivalent Filovirus Vaccine; or
  4. Vaccines specially designed for the sole purpose of protecting against biological agents and biologically derived substances identified in paragraph (b) of this category.
Commerce Control List (CCL) Category 1: Materials, Chemicals, Microorganisms and Toxins

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce may require a license to export chemicals and related technology meeting the criteria for inclusion in Category 1 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) under the following ECCNs:

ECCN Description
1C350 Chemicals That May Be Used as Precursors for Toxic Chemical Agents
1C351 Human and Zoonotic Pathogens and “Toxins”
1C355 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Schedule 2 and 3 Chemicals and Families of Chemicals Not Controlled by ECCN 1C350 or by the Department of State Under the ITAR
1C395 Mixtures and Medical, Analytical, Diagnostic, and Food Testing Kits Not Controlled by ECCN 1C350
1C991 Vaccines, Immunotoxins, Medical Products, Diagnostic and Food Testing Kits
1C995 Mixtures not controlled by ECCN 1C350, ECCN 1C355 or ECCN 1C395 that contain chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350 or ECCN 1C355 and medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits not controlled by ECCN 1C350 or ECCN 1C395 that contain chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350.d, as follows (see List of Items controlled)
1E001 “Technology” According to the General Technology Note for the “Development” or “Production” of Items Controlled by 1A001.b, 1A001.c, 1A002, 1A003, 1A004, 1A005, 1A101, 1B, or 1C (except 1C355, 1C980 to 1C984, 1C988, 1C990, 1C991, 1C992, and 1C995)
1E355 Technology for the Production of Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Schedule 2 and 3 Chemicals

 

Chemical Weapons Conventions (CWC): Schedule 1 Chemicals
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce requires adherence to specific regulations regarding the following chemicals. See Chemical Weapons Conventions Regulations (CWCR) for additional information.
 
Toxic Chemicals (CAS Registry number)
  1. O-Alkyl (<=C10, incl. cycloalkyl) alkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr)-phosphonofluoridates e.g. Sarin: O-Isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate (107-44-8), Soman: O-Pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (96-64-0)
  2. O-Alkyl (<=C10, incl. cycloalkyl) N,N-dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) phosphoramidocyanidates e.g. Tabun:O-Ethyl N,N-dimethyl phosphoramidocyanidate (77-81-6)
  3. O-Alkyl (H or <=C10, incl. cycloalkyl) S-2-dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr)-aminoethyl alkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) phosphonothiolates and corresponding alkylated or protonated salts e.g. VX: O-Ethyl S-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methyl phosphonothiolate (50782-69-9)
  4. Sulfur mustards:
    • 2-Chloroethylchloromethylsulfide (2625-76-5)
    • Mustard gas: Bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (505-60-2)
    • Bis(2-chloroethylthio)methane (63869-13-6)
    • Sesquimustard: 1,2-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)ethane (3563-36-8)
    • 1,3-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n-propane (63905-10-2)
    • 1,4-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n-butane (142868-93-7)
    • 1,5-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n-pentane (142868-94-8)
    • Bis(2-chloroethylthiomethyl)ether (63918-90-1)
    • O-Mustard: Bis(2-chloroethylthioethyl)ether (63918-89-8)
  5. Lewisites:
  • Lewisite 1: 2-Chlorovinyldichloroarsine (541-25-3)
  • Lewisite 2: Bis(2-chlorovinyl)chloroarsine (40334-69-8)
  • Lewisite 3: Tris(2-chlorovinyl)arsine (40334-70-1)
  1. Nitrogen mustards:
  • HN1: Bis(2-chloroethyl)ethylamine (538-07-8)
  • HN2: Bis(2-chloroethyl)methylamine (51-75-2)
  • HN3: Tris(2-chloroethyl)amine (555-77-1)
  1. Saxitoxin (35523-89-8)
  2. Ricin (9009-86-3)

Precursors (CAS Registry number)
  1. Alkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) phosphonyldifluorides e.g. DF: Methylphosphonyldifluoride (676-99-3)
  2. O-Alkyl (H or <=C10, incl. cycloalkyl) O-2-dalkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr)-aminoethyl alkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) phosphonites and corresponding alkylated or protonated salts e.g. QL: O-Ethyl O-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methylphosphonite (57856-11-8)
  3. Chlorosarin: O-Isopropyl methylphosphonochloridate (1445-76-7)
  4. Chlorosoman: O-Pinacolyl methylphosphonochloridate (7040-57-5)
CWC: Schedule 2 Chemicals
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce requires adherence to specific regulations regarding the following chemicals. See Chemical Weapons Conventions Regulations (CWCR) for additional information.
 
Toxic Chemicals (CAS Registry number)
  1. Amiton: O,O-Diethyl S-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl] phosphorothiolate (78-53-5) and corresponding alkylated or protonated salts
  2. PFIB: 1,1,3,3,3-Pentafluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1-propene (382-21-8)
  3. BZ: 3-Quinuclidinyl benzilate (*) (6581-06-2)

Precursors (CAS Registry number)
  1. Chemicals, except for those listed in Schedule 1, containing a phosphorus atom to which is bonded one methyl, ethyl or propyl (normal or iso) group but not further carbon atoms, e.g Methylphosphonyl dichloride (676-97-1) Dimethyl methylphosphonate (756-79-6)
    • Exemption: Fonofos: O-Ethyl S-phenyl ethylphosphonothiolothionate (944-22-9)
  2. N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) phosphoramidic dihalides
  3. Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) N,N-dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr)-phosphoramidates
  4. Arsenic trichloride (7784-34-1)
  5. 2,2-Diphenyl-2-hydroxyacetic acid (76-93-7)
  6. Quinuclidin-3-ol (1619-34-7)
  7. N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) aminoethyl-2-chlorides and corresponding protonated salts
  8. N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) aminoethane-2-ols and corresponding protonated salts
    • Exemptions: N,N-Dimethylaminoethanol (108-01-0) and corresponding protonated salts N,N-Diethylaminoethanol (100-37-8) and corresponding protonated salts
  9. N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) aminoethane-2-thiols and corresponding protonated salts
  10. Thiodiglycol: Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)sulfide (111-48-8)
  11. Pinacolyl alcohol: 3,3-Dimethylbutan-2-ol (464-07-3)
CWC: Schedule 3 Chemicals
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce requires adherence to specific regulations regarding the following chemicals. See Chemical Weapons Conventions Regulations (CWCR) for additional information.
 
Toxic Chemicals (CAS Registry number)
  1. Phosgene: Carbonyl dichloride (75-44-5)
  2. Cyanogen chloride (506-77-4)
  3. Hydrogen cyanide (74-90-8)
  4. Chloropicrin: Trichloronitromethane (76-06-2)

Precursors (CAS Registry number)
  1. Phosphorus oxychloride (10025-87-3)
  2. Phosphorus trichloride (7719-12-2)
  3. Phosphorus pentachloride (10026-13-8)
  4. Trimethyl phosphite (121-45-9)
  5. Triethyl phosphite (122-52-1)
  6. Dimethyl phosphite (868-85-9)
  7. Diethyl phosphite (762-04-9)
  8. Sulfur monochloride (10025-67-9)
  9. Sulfur dichloride (10545-99-0)
  10. Thionyl chloride (7719-09-7)
  11. Ethyldiethanolamine (139-87-7)
  12. Methyldiethanolamine (105-59-9)
  13. Triethanolamine (102-71-6)
Australia Group (AG) List of Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins for Export Control

Viruses

  1. African horse sickness virus
  2. African swine fever virus
  3. Andes virus
  4. Avian influenza virus
  5. Bluetongue virus
  6. Chapare virus
  7. Chikungunya virus
  8. Choclo virus
  9. Classical swine fever virus (Hog cholera virus)
  10. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus
  11. Dobrava-Belgrade virus
  12. Eastern equine encephalitis virus
  13. Ebolavirus: all members of the Ebolavirus genus
  14. Foot-and-mouth disease virus
  15. Goatpox virus
  16. Guanarito virus
  17. Hantaan virus
  18. Hendra virus (Equine morbillivirus)
  19. Japanese encephalitis virus
  20. Junin virus
  21. Kyasanur Forest disease virus
  22. Laguna Negra virus
  23. Lassa virus
  24. Louping ill virus
  25. Lujo virus
  26. Lumpy skin disease virus
  27. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
  28. Machupo virus
  29. Marburgvirus: all members of the Marburgvirus genus
  30. Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
  31. Monkeypox virus
  32. Murray Valley encephalitis virus
  33. Newcastle disease virus
  34. Nipah virus
  35. Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus
  36. Oropouche virus
  37. Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus
  38. Porcine Teschovirus
  39. Powassan virus
  40. Rabies virus and other members of the Lyssavirus genus
  41. Reconstructed 1918 influenza virus
  42. Rift Valley fever virus
  43. Rinderpest virus
  44. Rocio virus
  45. Sabia virus
  46. Seoul virus
  47. Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-related coronavirus)
  48. Sheeppox virus
  49. Sin Nombre virus
  50. St. Louis encephalitis virus
  51. Suid herpesvirus 1 (Pseudorabies virus; Aujeszky's disease)
  52. Swine vesicular disease virus
  53. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (Far Eastern subtype)
  54. Variola virus
  55. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus
  56. Vesicular stomatitis virus
  57. Western equine encephalitis virus
  58. Yellow fever virus

Bacteria

  1. Bacillus anthracis
  2. Brucella abortus
  3. Brucella melitensis
  4. Brucella suis
  5. Burkholderia mallei (Pseudomonas mallei)
  6. Burkholderia pseudomallei (Pseudomonas pseudomallei)
  7. Chlamydia psittaci (Chlamydophila psittaci)
  8. Clostridium argentinense (formerly known as Clostridium botulinum Type G), botulinum neurotoxin producing strains
  9. Clostridium baratii, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains
  10. Clostridium botulinum
  11. Clostridium butyricum, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains
  12. Clostridium perfringens, epsilon toxin producing types 
  13. Coxiella burnetii
  14. Francisella tularensis
  15. Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (“strain F38”)
  16. Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides SC (small colony)
  17. Rickettsia prowazekii
  18. Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhi (Salmonella typhi)
  19. Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) of serogroups O26, O45, O103, O104, O111, O121, O145, O157, and other shiga toxin producing serogroups 
  20. Shigella dysenteriae
  21. Vibrio cholerae
  22. Yersinia pestis

Toxins and subunits

  1. Abrin
  2. Aflatoxins
  3. Botulinum toxins
  4. Cholera toxin
  5. Clostridium perfringens alpha, beta 1, beta 2, epsilon and iota toxins
  6. Conotoxins
  7. Diacetoxyscirpenol
  8. HT-2 toxin
  9. Microcystins (Cyanoginosins)
  10. Modeccin
  11. Ricin
  12. Saxitoxin
  13. Shiga toxins (shiga-like toxins, verotoxins, and verocytotoxins)
  14. Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins, hemolysin alpha toxin, and toxic shock syndrome toxin (formerly known as Staphylococcus enterotoxin F)
  15. T-2 toxin
  16. Tetrodotoxin
  17. Viscumin (Viscum album lectin 1)
  18. Volkensin

Fungi

  1. Coccidioides immitis
  2. Coccidioides posadasii

Genetic Elements and Genetically-Modified Organisms

Any genetically-modified organism which contains, or genetic element that codes for:

  1. any gene or genes specific to any listed virus; or
  2. any gene or genes specific to any listed bacterium or fungus, and which
    1. in itself or through its transcribed or translated products represents a significant hazard to human, animal or plant health, or
    2. could endow or enhance pathogenicity; or
  3. any listed toxins or their sub-units.

Warning List

Bacteria

  1. Clostridium tetani
  2. Legionella pneumophila
  3. Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
  4. Other strains of Clostridium species that produce botulinum neurotoxin
  5. Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis

Fungi

  1. Fusarium langsethiae
  2. Fusarium sporotrichioides